Андрей Смирнов
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Джип «виллис»: характеристики и фото

Forward Control 150 and 170

The Forward Control models were most ideal as work vehicles, whose use was intended for municipal and corporate workers, military applications, and in some instances, civilian use. The marketplace at this time was very competitive, and required diversification, exemplified by the large number of «Jeep approved» specialized bodies from outside suppliers. While the pickup box bed was standard, the FCs were fitted with a number of different bodies, including tow trucks, dump trucks, fire trucks, among others.

In 1956, the Willys Motor Company introduced the snub-nosed «Forward Control» model. It was powered by the familiar Jeep 75hp F-Head inline 4 and was equipped with nine forward and three reverse gear combinations. The selling points included larger pay load capacity with the cab moved up over the engine, increased visibility, put at 200% more than in conventional vehicles of comparable size, and the power and maneuverability of four-wheel-drive on an 81″ wheelbase. In 1958, the FC-150 received a new, wider chassis. Its track was widened from 48″ (120 cm) to 57″ (140 cm).

In late 1957, the FC-170 came out at approximately 7,000 lbs. with a wheelbase of 103.5″, and fitted with the 105hp «Super Hurricane» engine. Neither model was a big seller for Willys. The heaviest truck Willys ever produced was the FC-170 DRW, available with dual rear wheels in gross weight ratings of 8,000 pounds or 9,000 pounds.

Production of Willys Trucks and Station Wagons continued until 1965, by which time the company name had changed to the «Kaiser-Jeep Corporation», at which time the Forward Control model was discontinued.

About Willys Jeeps Willys Jeep Parts Willys MB GPW CJ2A CJ3A CJ3B CJ5 & CJ6 Willys Wagons Willys Trucks Jeepster M38 M38A1 Willys Overland Serial# Guide

HistoryEdit

Marmon-Herrington converted Ford 1/2 ton truck, sometimes called the «Grandfather of the Jeep»

The Bantam no.1 ‘Blitz Buggy’

Since Bantam did not have the production capacity or fiscal stability to deliver on the scale needed by the War Department, the other two bidders, Ford and Willys, were encouraged to complete their own pilot models for testing. The contract for the new reconnaissance car was to be determined by trials. As testing of the Bantam prototype took place from September 27 to October 16, Ford and Willys technical representatives present at Holabird were given ample opportunity to study the vehicle’s performance. Moreover, in order to expedite production, the War Department forwarded the Bantam blueprints to Ford and Willys, claiming the government owned the design. Bantam did not dispute this move due to its precarious financial situation. By November 1940, Ford and Willys each submitted prototypes to compete with the Bantam in the Army’s trials. The pilot models, the Willys Quad and the Ford Pygmy, turned out very similar to each other and were joined in testing by Bantam’s entry, now evolved into a Mark II called the BRC 60. By then the U.S. and its armed forces were already under such pressure that all three cars were declared acceptable and orders for 1,500 units per company were given for field testing. At this time it was acknowledged the original weight limit (which Bantam had ignored) was unrealistic, and it was raised to 2,160 pounds (980 kg).

Willys MA jeep at the Desert Training Center, Indio, CA, June 1942

Forums

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  • General 4×4: Offroad.com

Post-War StrugglesEdit

At the end of the war, Willys did not resume production of its pre-war passenger car models, choosing instead to concentrate on Jeeps and Jeep-based vehicles. The first postwar Willys product was the . The CJ-2A was an MB stripped of obviously military features, particularly the blackout lighting, and with the addition of a tailgate.

In 1946, a year after the introduction of the CJ-2A, Willys produced the Willys «Jeep» Utility Wagon based on the same engine and transmission, with clear styling influence from the CJ-2A Jeep. The next year came a «Jeep» Utility Truck with four-wheel drive. In 1948, the wagon was available in four-wheel drive, making it the ancestor of all sport utility vehicles.

The only vehicle that was not a four wheel drive that Willys offered in the first years after WW2 was the Willys 6-70 five place sedan. It name came from the fact it was powered by a 6-cylinder engine that produced 70 hp. The 6-70 was touted as the first stock car produced in America that offered independent suspension on all four wheels. Production of the Willys 6-70 was to start in 1947.

Willys later produced the for the U.S. Army, and continued the CJ series of civilian Jeeps. Another variation of the Jeep was the Jeepster. A more civilized variation, it came with either a 4-cylinder or 6-cylinder engine but came only with two-wheel drive to the rear.

See AlsoEdit

image (between 170-190 pixels)
JEEP

The Fiat Group

Abarth | Alfa Romeo | Autobianchi | Ferrari | Fiat | Lancia | Innocenti | Maserati | Iveco | Chrysler | Dodge | Ram | Jeep

Current

SUVs/Cars: Wrangler JK · Wrangler Unlimited · · Liberty · Compass · Patriot

SRTs: Grand Cherokee SRT8

Historic

SUVs/Trucks: CJ Series · CJ-2A · CJ-3A · CJ-3B · CJ-7/8 · · · CJ-10 · VJ · C101 · C104 · Wagoneer XJ · Wagoneer SJ · Grand Wagoneer · Gladiator · J-Series · Comanche · Forward Control · Cherokee SJ-XJ · Commander · DJ · DJ Postal · Jeepster Commando · FJ · Willys Jeep Truck · Willys Jeep Wagon · Rural (Brazil) · Honcho

Military

J8 · Kaiser M-715 · Willys MB · Willys MA · M-38 · M-38A1 · M-170 · M676 · M677 · M678 · M679 · M606 · M-38A1C · M38A1D · M151 MUTT · Jeep trailer

One-off

Prototype

Bantam Pilot · Bantam BRC-60 · Willys Quad · Ford Pygmy · Budd Ford · Ford GPA · Willys MLW-1 · Willys MLW-2 · X-98 · BC Bobcat · CJ-V35 · CJ-4M · CJ-4MA

Concept

Gladiator · Hurricane · JT · Rescue · Trailhawk · Wrangler Ultimate · Renegade Hybrid Concept · Z5 Concept · Patriot Back Country Concept · EV Prototype · Wrangler Lower Forty Concept · Wrangler Overland Concept · Wrangler J7 Concept · Patriot Extreme Concept · Wrangler Trail Boss Concept · NuKizer 715 Concept · The General Concept · Mopar ImMortal Concept · Mopar XJ Stroker Concept · XJ001 Concept · DJ-3A Pickup · XJ001 · XJ002 · Cowboy · Jeep II · Cherokee Targa · Comanche Thunderchief · Rubicon Wrangler · JJ · Freedom · Wagoneer 2000 · Concept 1 · Ecco · Cherokee Casablanca · Wrangler Ultimate Rescue · Fender Jeep Wrangler · Dakar · Icon · Journey · Jeepster Concept · Cherokee Total Exposure · Varsity · Commander Concept · Jeep Willys · Jeep Willys 2 · Wrangler Tabasco · Wrangler Patriot · Wrangler Mountain Biker · Grand Cherokee Concierge · Treo · Liberator CRD · Aggressor · Renegade · Grand Cherokee Kirkwood Edition · Compass Concept · Grand Cherokee Bluetec · Sportif · Harlequin · Station Wagon Concept · FC Concept · Wrangler Scrambler · Unlimited Rubicon CRD · Rubicon King · SoBe Jeep Wrangler · Wrangler Gamer · Wrangler Commando · Burton Snowboards Wrangler · American Racing Jeep Wrangler · Jeepster 2 · DJ-3B · Grand Cherokee Colorado

SRT · Mopar · HEMI · Jeep four wheel drive systems · List of Jeep axles · List of Jeep transfer cases · Jeep Transmisson Info · List of Jeep engines · AMC and Jeep transmissions · Toldeo Complex · Belvidere Assembly Plant · Jeep portal

name of founder/sA division of Fiat S.p.A
« previous — Jeep road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
1234567891234567891234567891
Dispatcher DJ-5/6
Compass MK
Patriot MK
Cherokee / Wagoneer XJ Liberty KJ Liberty KK
Cherokee (SJ)
Wagoneer SJ Grand Wagoneer SJ Commander XK
Comanche MJ
Honcho/J10-20 Series

Postwar Edit

Before the Willys-Overland company was absorbed into other companies over the years — it is currently called Jeep and is part of Chrysler LLC — the company supplied the War Department as well as friendly nations with military jeeps for several more decades.

Dutch Army M38A1

M606 in Colombia

In 1950, the first postwar military jeep, the M38 (or MC), was launched, based on the 1949 CJ-3A. In 1953, it was quickly followed by the M38A1 (or MD), featuring an all-new «round-fendered» body in order to clear the also new, taller, Willys Hurricane engine. This jeep was later developed into the CJ-5 launched in 1955. Similarly, its ambulance version, the M170 (or MDA), featuring a 20-inch wheelbase stretch, was later turned into the civilian CJ-6.

In 1991, the Willys-Overland Jeep MB was designated an International Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

See alsoEdit

image (between 170-190 pixels)
JEEP

The Fiat Group

Abarth | Alfa Romeo | Autobianchi | Ferrari | Fiat | Lancia | Innocenti | Maserati | Iveco | Chrysler | Dodge | Ram | Jeep

Current

SUVs/Cars: Wrangler JK · Wrangler Unlimited · · Liberty · Compass · Patriot

SRTs: Grand Cherokee SRT8

Historic

SUVs/Trucks: CJ Series · CJ-2A · CJ-3A · CJ-3B · CJ-7/8 · · · CJ-10 · VJ · C101 · C104 · Wagoneer XJ · Wagoneer SJ · Grand Wagoneer · Gladiator · J-Series · Comanche · Forward Control · Cherokee SJ-XJ · Commander · DJ · DJ Postal · Jeepster Commando · FJ · Willys Jeep Truck · Willys Jeep Wagon · Rural (Brazil) · Honcho

Military

J8 · Kaiser M-715 · Willys MB · Willys MA · M-38 · M-38A1 · M-170 · M676 · M677 · M678 · M679 · M606 · M-38A1C · M38A1D · M151 MUTT · Jeep trailer

One-off

Prototype

Bantam Pilot · Bantam BRC-60 · Willys Quad · Ford Pygmy · Budd Ford · Ford GPA · Willys MLW-1 · Willys MLW-2 · X-98 · BC Bobcat · CJ-V35 · CJ-4M · CJ-4MA

Concept

Gladiator · Hurricane · JT · Rescue · Trailhawk · Wrangler Ultimate · Renegade Hybrid Concept · Z5 Concept · Patriot Back Country Concept · EV Prototype · Wrangler Lower Forty Concept · Wrangler Overland Concept · Wrangler J7 Concept · Patriot Extreme Concept · Wrangler Trail Boss Concept · NuKizer 715 Concept · The General Concept · Mopar ImMortal Concept · Mopar XJ Stroker Concept · XJ001 Concept · DJ-3A Pickup · XJ001 · XJ002 · Cowboy · Jeep II · Cherokee Targa · Comanche Thunderchief · Rubicon Wrangler · JJ · Freedom · Wagoneer 2000 · Concept 1 · Ecco · Cherokee Casablanca · Wrangler Ultimate Rescue · Fender Jeep Wrangler · Dakar · Icon · Journey · Jeepster Concept · Cherokee Total Exposure · Varsity · Commander Concept · Jeep Willys · Jeep Willys 2 · Wrangler Tabasco · Wrangler Patriot · Wrangler Mountain Biker · Grand Cherokee Concierge · Treo · Liberator CRD · Aggressor · Renegade · Grand Cherokee Kirkwood Edition · Compass Concept · Grand Cherokee Bluetec · Sportif · Harlequin · Station Wagon Concept · FC Concept · Wrangler Scrambler · Unlimited Rubicon CRD · Rubicon King · SoBe Jeep Wrangler · Wrangler Gamer · Wrangler Commando · Burton Snowboards Wrangler · American Racing Jeep Wrangler · Jeepster 2 · DJ-3B · Grand Cherokee Colorado

SRT · Mopar · HEMI · Jeep four wheel drive systems · List of Jeep axles · List of Jeep transfer cases · Jeep Transmisson Info · List of Jeep engines · AMC and Jeep transmissions · Toldeo Complex · Belvidere Assembly Plant · Jeep portal

name of founder/sA division of Fiat S.p.A
« previous — Jeep road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
1234567891234567891234567891
Dispatcher DJ-5/6
Compass MK
Patriot MK
Cherokee / Wagoneer XJ Liberty KJ Liberty KK
Cherokee (SJ)
Wagoneer SJ Grand Wagoneer SJ Commander XK
Comanche MJ
Honcho/J10-20 Series
  • Willys Jeep Truck
  • Willys-Overland Jeepster

See AlsoEdit

image (between 170-190 pixels)
JEEP

The Fiat Group

Abarth | Alfa Romeo | Autobianchi | Ferrari | Fiat | Lancia | Innocenti | Maserati | Iveco | Chrysler | Dodge | Ram | Jeep

Current

SUVs/Cars: Wrangler JK · Wrangler Unlimited · · Liberty · Compass · Patriot

SRTs: Grand Cherokee SRT8

Historic

SUVs/Trucks: CJ Series · CJ-2A · CJ-3A · CJ-3B · CJ-7/8 · · · CJ-10 · VJ · C101 · C104 · Wagoneer XJ · Wagoneer SJ · Grand Wagoneer · Gladiator · J-Series · Comanche · Forward Control · Cherokee SJ-XJ · Commander · DJ · DJ Postal · Jeepster Commando · FJ · Willys Jeep Truck · Willys Jeep Wagon · Rural (Brazil) · Honcho

Military

J8 · Kaiser M-715 · Willys MB · Willys MA · M-38 · M-38A1 · M-170 · M676 · M677 · M678 · M679 · M606 · M-38A1C · M38A1D · M151 MUTT · Jeep trailer

One-off

Prototype

Bantam Pilot · Bantam BRC-60 · Willys Quad · Ford Pygmy · Budd Ford · Ford GPA · Willys MLW-1 · Willys MLW-2 · X-98 · BC Bobcat · CJ-V35 · CJ-4M · CJ-4MA

Concept

Gladiator · Hurricane · JT · Rescue · Trailhawk · Wrangler Ultimate · Renegade Hybrid Concept · Z5 Concept · Patriot Back Country Concept · EV Prototype · Wrangler Lower Forty Concept · Wrangler Overland Concept · Wrangler J7 Concept · Patriot Extreme Concept · Wrangler Trail Boss Concept · NuKizer 715 Concept · The General Concept · Mopar ImMortal Concept · Mopar XJ Stroker Concept · XJ001 Concept · DJ-3A Pickup · XJ001 · XJ002 · Cowboy · Jeep II · Cherokee Targa · Comanche Thunderchief · Rubicon Wrangler · JJ · Freedom · Wagoneer 2000 · Concept 1 · Ecco · Cherokee Casablanca · Wrangler Ultimate Rescue · Fender Jeep Wrangler · Dakar · Icon · Journey · Jeepster Concept · Cherokee Total Exposure · Varsity · Commander Concept · Jeep Willys · Jeep Willys 2 · Wrangler Tabasco · Wrangler Patriot · Wrangler Mountain Biker · Grand Cherokee Concierge · Treo · Liberator CRD · Aggressor · Renegade · Grand Cherokee Kirkwood Edition · Compass Concept · Grand Cherokee Bluetec · Sportif · Harlequin · Station Wagon Concept · FC Concept · Wrangler Scrambler · Unlimited Rubicon CRD · Rubicon King · SoBe Jeep Wrangler · Wrangler Gamer · Wrangler Commando · Burton Snowboards Wrangler · American Racing Jeep Wrangler · Jeepster 2 · DJ-3B · Grand Cherokee Colorado

SRT · Mopar · HEMI · Jeep four wheel drive systems · List of Jeep axles · List of Jeep transfer cases · Jeep Transmisson Info · List of Jeep engines · AMC and Jeep transmissions · Toldeo Complex · Belvidere Assembly Plant · Jeep portal

name of founder/sA division of Fiat S.p.A
« previous — Jeep road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
1234567891234567891234567891
Dispatcher DJ-5/6
Compass MK
Patriot MK
Cherokee / Wagoneer XJ Liberty KJ Liberty KK
Cherokee (SJ)
Wagoneer SJ Grand Wagoneer SJ Commander XK
Comanche MJ
Honcho/J10-20 Series
  1. Ford’s GP designation did not represent «general purpose»; that was a government description.
  2. ↑ Pat Ware: Military jeep: 1940 onwards (Willys MB, Ford GPW, and Hotchkiss M201): enthusiasts’ manual, Sparkford: Haynes, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84425-933-5, p.39

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Military and Civilian Models — A Brief Overview

Willys Military Jeep History

Illustration — Willys MB

The Jeep legend began in November 1940, in the early days of World War II, just a year before the United States entered the war. A small, four-wheel drive prototype, the Willys «Quad», was delivered to the US Army. It featured the Willys «Go-Devil» engine, developed by Delmar «Barney» Roos. With 60 horsepower and 105 foot-pounds of torque it not only exceeded the Army’s requirement, but dwarfed the Bantam’s 83 and Ford’s 85 pound-feet of torque, it’s only competitors for the military contract. The Quad was the father of the MB, CJ series, and Wrangler. Willys refined the Quad and built 1,500 units of the Willys MA model, many of which were used in WWII.

From 1941 to 1945 Willys produced the MB model, the original go-anywhere, do-anything vehicle, which came to be known by its nickname, «Jeep». Made famous during WWII, Willys produced over 300,000 MB vehicles. Jeeps were heavily used by every division of the American military, with 144 Jeeps provided to every infantry regiment in the U.S. Army. Large numbers of Jeeps were shipped to the Allied Forces of Britain and Russia: nearly 30% of total Jeep production.

The MB evolved into the M-38 military model, which featured a waterproof ignition system and was built from 1950 to 1951 specifically for use during the Korean War. During that conflict, Willy redesigned the M-38 and it became the M-38A1 with a longer wheelbase, softer ride, a more powerful engine and a new, more rounded body style. In production through 1962, during that time Willys also produced the M-170, which was designed to be fitted with several different body packages. One was a light troop carrier. Because passengers were somewhat enclosed compared to earlier models, the M-170 was also used as a field ambulance. Kaiser Willys Auto Supply has old Jeep parts for all Willys military Jeep models.

See more about Willys Military Vehicles, including:

Willys MBFord GPWWillys M38Willys M38A1

Willys Civilian Jeep History

Illustration — Willys CJ-2A

At the close of World War II, Willys realized that it could leverage its wartime fame and enter the consumer vehicle market under an already well-known brand name. The first «civilian» Jeep was the CJ-2A, also known as the «Universal». It offered features not found on the military MB model, including a tailgate, side-mounted spare tire, higher windshield and larger headlights. The retail price was $1,090 and the CJ-2A was produced from 1945 to 1949.

The CJ series evolved rapidly, first as the CJ-3A (1948 — 1953), with improved ventilation and a one-piece windshield that featured wipers at the bottom as opposed to mounted in the top frame. The CJ-3B (1953 to 1965) had a higher hood to accommodate the more powerful «Hurricane» overhead-valve four-cylinder engine. During the CJ-3B production run, Willys also offered the DJ-3A, or «Dispatcher», a two-wheel drive version of the CJ-3A that was available in hardtop, convertible, and half- and full-top models. It was often used as a vacation rental vehicle at tropical resort destinations. Kaiser Willys Auto Supply has old Jeep parts for all Willys CJ Jeep models.

CJ Series Evolves

From 1955 to 1983, the CJ-5 was a popular model, with special versions including the Jeep Camper, 462, Renegade, Super Jeep, Golden Eagle and Tuxedo Park. A two-wheel drive version, the DJ-5, was offered through 1974. Overlapping with the CJ-5 model was the CJ-6, which had a stretched 20″ longer wheelbase. A two-wheel drive version was called the DJ-6. Read more about the CJ-5 and CJ-6 Universal Models.

Moving closer to modern Jeeps, the CJ-7 was introduced in 1976 and had a very successful 10-year run. With a wheelbase 10″ shorter than the CJ-6, this was the best handling and smoothest riding CJ ever, and it’s still popular today. An open cap pickup version called the CJ-8, or Scrambler, was built at the same time and was 10″ longer than the CJ-7 (meaning it had the same wheelbase as the CJ-6). Both soft tops and hard tops were available for the CJ-8. Kaiser Willys Auto Supply has old Jeep parts for the entire Jeep CJ series.

Willys Trucks and Station Wagons and the Jeepster Models are not nearly as well known as the ubiquitous and familiar «Jeep». But in fact Willys made a number of different truck models, including the 6-226 truck with an open rear bed (an early «pickup»), the Forward Control model FC-150 and the 6-226 4×4 station wagon. Read more about Willys trucks.

See more about Willys Civilian Jeep Models, including:

Willys CJ2AWillys CJ3AWillys CJ3BWillys CJ5Willys TruckWillys Station WagonWillys Jeepster

 

About Willys Jeeps Willys Jeep Parts Willys MB GPW CJ2A CJ3A CJ3B CJ5 & CJ6 Willys Wagons Willys Trucks Jeepster M38 M38A1 Willys Overland Serial# Guide

ProductionEdit

The Willys Jeep Station Wagon was introduced in 1946 as just the 463 model, powered by the L-134 Go-Devil flathead four cylinder. The 663 model, powered by the L-148 Lightning straight six, was brought in for 1948. Four-wheel drive became an option in 1949.

1950 saw a number of changes. The flat grille was replaced by a pointed v-shape design with five horizontal bars across the vertical ones. New engines were available, too. The 473 model got the new F-134 Hurricane, and the 673 model got a new 161 cu in (2.6 L) version of the Lightning six. Another big change this year was the addition of a sedan delivery model to the lineup.

In 1952, the flathead Lightning was dropped in favor of the F-161 Hurricane, installed in the 685 model.

The 1954 model year was the first under Kaiser’s ownership. The 6-226 Super Hurricane, a flathead inline six, was introduced. This was a version of the Kaiser Supersonic/Continental Red Seal engine.

A number of new models were added in 1955. The 6-226 model lineup gained stripped chassis, flat face cowl, cowl/windshield, and ambulance models. The 475 line received only the cowl/windshield.

In 1958 a new Maverick model was introduced, a comparatively more luxurious version of the two-wheel drive wagon. It could be had with only with the four-cylinder engine. The main upgrades were in the introduction of 2 tone paint with matching interior in 2 tones and the standard AM radio. The easiest way to identify a Maverick is by the extra (stainless steel)trim ring under the windows. The Maverick tag came from the TV show of the same name, of which Willys was a sponsor.

The 6-230 Tornado OHC engine was introduced in midyear 1962, replacing the flathead.

Production ended in 1965, as the Willys model had been phased out by the Jeep Wagoneer. Over 300,000 wagons and its variants were built in the U.S.

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